Do you want to learn about clothing artifacts belonging to the Arctic Indians? Are you interested in discovering Arctic Indian clothing artifacts? Read our guide for more facts and information…
Clothing of the Arctic
For the Indians who made their home in the arctic it was essential that the clothing they wore insulated them against the extreme cold. The fur that was used in creating the clothing was critical as it served as insulation during the winter and throughout the year. Most Indians of the arctic wore their clothing in layers for additional heat often including two or three layers of skins. Similarly, during extreme weather multiple pieces of each article of clothing would be worn. Clothing artifacts of the Arctic Indians include coats, trousers, socks, boots, stockings, and shoes. The designs of these artifacts changes based on gender, age, and location. Also, as time passed and the Indians began to trade with the Europeans the styles were again adapted, as glass beads and metal were introduced. The traditional design of these artifacts was to use caribou, seal, or polar bear skin to design the pieces of clothing. Sealskin was particularly useful for footwear as it was durable and waterproof. The design of these artifacts also demonstrates that not only the exterior of the clothing was fur lined but the interior of the garments were as well.
Kamiks are a traditional style of boots used by the Arctic Indians. Kamiks are constructed out of either seal or caribou skin. These hides are preferred not only for their warmth but also for their ability to protect against water. The different tribes of Arctic Indians each have their own unique designs that personalize the Kamiks of their region. It is also of note that although these boots are well insulated in order to ensure complete protection against the cold it is important to wear socks and common to wear multiple pairs of this additional garment.
An amauti is a clothing artifact that is more commonly referred to as a women’s parka. This style of parka like most other garments is designed out of caribou or seal skin. It is also interesting that this essential garment in the conditions of the arctic does not go without decoration. The most common decoration on an amauti artifact is fringes along the front; beads are also possible. The artifact also has an interesting feature as the deep hood in the back of the parka is able to hold both the young and small children as well as babies.
In the weather conditions of the arctic that include extreme cold, snow, and wind protection on one’s face is important. The clothing artifact of snow goggles demonstrates how the Arctic Indians dealt with these conditions. Snow goggles were designed out of caribou antlers or ivory walrus tusks to create the frame. The frame was then lined with available skins. This design prevented the face of the wearer from being totally exposed to the arctic elements.