Want to learn more about the threatened wildlife of India? Learn more about the 172 endangered species considered threatened Indian wildlife…
India has a diverse mix of wildlife across its landscape. This country is home to some of the most exotic and endangered species in the world. The value of these species has been recognized internationally and a lot of effort has been made to preserve the threatened wildlife of India. This has mainly been achieved by the creation of wildlife sanctuaries and national parks which are now home to the threatened wildlife.
India’s Unique Biodiversity
From flora, avian species, reptiles and mammals, India is home to some of the most beautiful collection from God’s creation. Their homes are the vast and rich ecosystems spread across India; from the rain forests in the mountains to the rich plateaus which are covered with greenery and dense foliage.
An interesting fact about wildlife in India is that a large concentration of global biodiversity is found across the country. Some estimates place it at around 60 to 70% which is a substantial collection and of course must be preserved.
Most of the species found across the Indian landscape have been declared threatened and rare. For this reason a great deal of concentration has been diverted towards preserving the threatened wildlife in India. This country falls in the Indomalaya ecosystem with tropical climate.
India’s Threatened Wildlife
There are approximately 172 species of animals based in India which are considered to be threatened according to the IUCN. Since India has such a large biodiversity of flora, fauna, mammals and reptile populations, there is a great deal of concern as the endangered species are becoming extinct.
One of the main reasons for this is that the tropical rainforests are being eroded gradually in India and humans are actually encroaching on the space previously occupied by these species. Animals like the Indian elephant, Asiatic cheetah, Bengal fox and even the wild Asiatic Water Buffalo are considered endangered species.
The amazing wildlife found across India is also good for tourism. Animals like the Indian elephant and their herds provide a breath-taking scene for any tourist who comes across the wildlife sanctuaries where the elephants are provided a natural habitat. Apart from this the Bengal tiger which is often hunted down and is nearing extinction is a vision of amazing grace and beauty.
There are many endemic plants and animals found across the landscape in India and are popular international icons in terms of identifying the rich and threatened wildlife in India.
However, to counteract the human impact on India’s wildlife many sanctuaries and parks have been established. Many areas have been designated protected territory and the habitat is being conserved.
But there is a constant debate on whether funds should be diverted towards saving endangered species rather than spending on the population of humans who live in abject poverty.
The beautiful landscape and rich wildlife in India has had a global impact which is most notable in amazing tales that arise from India similar to the Jungle Book written by Rudyard Kipling which speak of the amazing wildlife that is found in India.
The Indian Constitution actually makes room for the protection and safeguard of wildlife, forests, and threatened species and entails compassion for living creatures. However, there is a constant debate on how effective the funds are in protecting endangered animals and conserving the threatened wildlife in India.