Are you interested in Georgia Indian artifacts? Do you want to learn about the history and culture of Georgia Indians through artifacts? Read our guide for more facts and information…
Prior to the 18th century and intensified European settlement most of the modern day state of Georgia belonged to the Indians who freely roamed and settled on the land. Many tribes of Indians called Georgia home including but not limited to the Cherokee, Creek, Apalachee, Oconee, and Timuca. The Indians who made Georgia their home frequently established settlements near rivers or roamed along river shores as the water itself was not only important but the rivers also provided a source of food in fish. Many of the Indian settlements in Georgia heavily relied on agriculture for their diet while supplementing it with hunted game. In 1836 the lives of the Georgia Indians was altered when they were forced to relocate to the designated Indian territory to the west.
The Dalton point has been dated as an artifact to have existed beginning around 8500 BC. The point resembles a spear point and as such was used as a projectile at times. The more traditional use of this Georgia Indian artifact was in hunting and butchering game and fish. The tool was also known to be used as a scraper in both creating pottery and tools as well as preparing food.
Pottery is one of the most common artifacts that can be found today and as such is commonly used as evidence to discover more about past Indian life. In Georgia as in most other Indian inhabited territories shards and whole pieces of pottery are commonly discovered not only by archaeologists but also locals. Most of the pottery made by the Georgia Indians was created out of a paste that had a base of sand. The pottery of the Georgia Indians is also commonly decorated as the artifacts feature designs using wooden paddle stamps as well as paint, which is typically red, black, or white. Decorative pottery is not the only designed artifact that is common to the area as ornamental pins in similar designs have also been discovered. Pottery is an important artifact to archaeologists and researchers as the pieces are some of the best indicators of time.
Arrowheads like pottery are another form of pottery that is typically found in land that has been home to Indians. The arrowheads that have been found in Georgia have been sourced to dates exceeding 12 000 years ago. The arrowheads of Georgia are particularly diverse due to the geology of the land. The geologic diversity of the stones in Georgia has led to the discovery of artifacts that feature a variety of stones such as a rich brownish colored flint and quartz. The tips of the arrowheads that have been found are also diverse due to the different tribes of the area; it is not uncommon to find arrowheads tipped with stone, bone, wood or cane.