Want to learn more about the Sioux Native American Indians? Read on to find out about the Sioux Nation of Native Americans…
The word Sioux is actually a French term that translates as enemy. Although Sioux has now become a widely recognized name for a particular Native American Indian tribe it was a title given to them by the invaders. The Sioux people prefer to call themselves as Lakota.
Basically the Sioux people, as they have come to be known, were divided into various different tribes. Some of the most prominent tribes that made up the Sioux nation include Oglala, Brule, Sans Arcs, Hunkpapa, Yankton, Minnwkonjou, Sisseton, Mdewakantonwan and Wahpeton.
The Oglalas were the largest of them in terms of numbers. They were also the fiercest of enemies for the invaders. One of the most prominent Native American Indian Warriors and tribal chiefs, Red Cloud was the leader of this group. Initially he extended a peace deal out to the invaders requesting that they be given the Sioux hunting grounds. With the pilgrims refusing to do so he set out on a war with the colonists.
Over the passage of time Red Cloud caused a series of significant damages to the invading party. He and his men were responsible for conducting the Fettermen Massacre in which all members of the opposing forces were killed. However in 1867 his men suffered massive blows at the hands of the well equipped troops of Caption James W. Powell.
However Red Cloud was successful in protecting the Bozeman Trial. Unable to defeat the man he was invited to Fort Laramie to look for a peaceful solution to the conflict. However whatever was achieved out of the talks was lost in the coming days.
It was in 1875 that all of the Sioux bands were ordered to enter the reservations by the end of the first month of 1876. This time they were confronted by Sitting Bull, a medicine man and spiritual leader of one of the Sioux bands. Sitting Bull also received the help of another highly esteemed Sioux Native American warrior known as crazy horse.
A great battle took place between the forces of Sitting Bull and General George Crook in June of 1876. The battle lasted for six hours with the US military having to face a mighty united Native American army. The US military forces were outnumbered and suffered heavy losses.
The Sioux were comprised of tribes with different linguistics. For example, Isanti, translated as Knife, were Natives that resided on the eastern side off the Dakotas, Northern Iowa and Minnesota. This particular group of Sioux people is referred to as Santee.
Then there are the people of Ihanktowan who reside close to the Minnesota River. Also known as the Middle Sioux they prefer to call themselves as Yankton. Another group goes by the name of Teton which is well renowned for its warrior and hunting culture. Today the Sioux maintain separate tribal governments and are scattered across many communities and reservations.